Posted on May 10, 2013 by ContraMary
Re-blogged from “Auras, Cores e Números”
Who and What Is Gaia ?
The Greek Goddess Gaia
Gaea, or Ge Gea was a titânide (or titanesa) naming for Earth, Mother
Earth, and as a major element of a latent primordial potentiality almost
absurd for generating.
to Hesiod, in principle Chaos arises, and out of Chaos Gaia was born,
out of Tartarus, and Eros (love), Erebus and Nyx (Night).
alone generates Uranus, Point and OREAS (mountains). When she had
generated Uranus they equalled in their desire to have something that
covered them up completely, and this was an eternal home which appeared
“blessed” as Eternal Home for the Gods.
Uranus Gaia begatted the 12 Titans : Ocean, Coeus Crio Hyperion and
Iapetus, Theia, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe Gold crowned and the
beloved Tethys; finally born was Cronos, the youngest and most terrible
of her children who hated the lust of their father.
After Uranus and Gaia it was the Cyclopes who generated Hecatonchires (Giants Hundred Hands).
Uranus being able to predict the future, feared the power of children so
big and powerful and returned them back into the womb of Gaia.
She, who was moaning with excruciating pain without being able to give
birth, called her Titan Sons to help freeing their brethren and avenge
It was Cronus only who accepted. Gaia then took her breast and made out of it the steel toothed sickle.
She gave it to Cronos and hid him so that when in the night Uranus came he did not notice the presence of Cronos.
Uranus when descending in order to unite with his wife once again he was
surprised by Cronos attacking and castrating him. Thus Heaven and Earth
have been separated.
Cronus threw the testicles of Uranus into the sea but a few drops fell
on earth impregnating her. Uranus’ spilled blood on Gaia and Giants were
born, the Erinyes, the Melíades, and Aphrodite.
After the fall of Uranus Cronus became King of the World and freed his
brothers. But seeing how powerful they were he also was frightened of
them and imprisoned them again.
Gaia, revolted by the act of tyranny and intolerance of her son, plotted a new vengeance.
Gaia Anselm Feuerbach (1875).
When Cronus married Rhea and took over the government of the entire
universe, Uranus told him that one of his very own sons would dethrone
He then proceeded to devour every newborn according to his father’s advice.
But Gaia helped Rhea to save the child that would be Zeus. Rhea then,
instead of giving her son to Kronos to devour him, gave him a stone, and
hid her son in a cave.
Being a grown-up, Zeus declared war on his parent and the other Titans with the help of Gaia.
And for hundred years of raging war between them there was neither side to triumph.
was Gaia then who talked with Zeus and promised that he would win this
war and become king of the universe if he went down into Tartarus and
freed the three Cyclopes and the three Hecatonchires.
Listening to the advice of Gaia, Zeus defeated Cronus with the help of
the children freed by earth’ advice and became the new ruler of the
However, Zeus had to make an agreement with the Hecatonchires so they could watch him from the bottom of the Titans’ Tartarus.
Gaia revolted about this a 3rd time and threw up all her weapons in order to overthrow Zeus.
At first, she gave birth to countless Androgynous Beings with four legs
and four arms that were connected through the column ending with two
heads and posessing besides male and female genitals. The Androgynous
emerged from the ground in every corner and climbed Olympus with Intent
to destroy Zeus. However on the advice of Themis, he and the other Gods
hit the Androgynous Beings’column thus splitting them exactly in two
Once this was done, Zeus won this war.
On some other occasion, Gaia produced a plant which, turned into food,
could give immortality to the Giants. Still to grow the plant needed
Zeus knowing this ordered Helios, Selene, Eos and the stars so they did
not ascend to heaven and were hidden in veils of Nix. He searched and
found the plant which he destroyed afterwards.
Still Gaia incited the Giants to put the mountains on each other in an
attempt to climb the sky and invade Olympus. But Zeus and the other gods
As a last resort, Gaia sent her youngest and most horrendous son,
Typhon, to battle against the gods and their allies. Yet again the gods
joined against this terrible creature and after a terrible and bloody
battle, they could overtake also the last child of Gaia and won the
Eventually Gaia gave in and made an agreement with Zeus never again to
plot against his government. Thus, she was received as the “Goddess
is the story how Gaia became the Goddess of earth in “Ancient Greece”.
Her name was used to illustrate a scientific theory: “that Earth
behaves like a living being”.
With the popularization of such concept Gaia today is almost a synonym
for Earth (planet), or the nature of the planet in a feminine aspect:
The “Gaia Theory” was proposed by an English scientist and environmentalist, James Lovelock, in the 60s.
Despite of not being unanimously acknowledged
theory entails that planet Earth behaves like a living organism – for
example – in the allocation of heat – not that this actually be one.
Gaia hypothesis, also known as biogeochemistral hypothesis is some
controversial hypothesis in deep ecology which proposes that the
biosphere and the physical Componenetes Earth (atmosphere, cryosphere,
hydrosphere and lithosphere) are closely integrated to form a complex
interacting system that maintains the climate and biogeochemical
preferably in homeostasis.
Originally proposed by British researcher James E. Lovelock this was hypothesized as response of the Earth.It
was renamed as suggested by his colleague, William Golding, as the Gaia
hypothesis in reference to the supreme Greek Goddess of the Earth – Gaia.
According to this hypothesis Gaia is often described as Earth being a
single living organism. Lovelock and other researchers who support the
idea now consider it as a scientific theory – not just a hypothesis once
she passed the test prediction.
The British scientist along with the American biologist Lynn Margulis
analyzed studies that compared Earth’s atmosphere with other planets
proposing that life on Earth is to create the conditions for its own
survival and not the opposite according to what traditional theories
Viewed with distrust by the international scientific community the “Gaia Theory” finds supporters among ecological groups, mystics and some researchers.
With the phenomenon of global warming and the climate crisis in the
world the hypothesis has also gained credibility among scientists.
Relationship of Human Beings to the Planet
reactions of the planet to human actions may be understood as a
self-regulatory response of this immense living organism “Gaia” who
feels and reacts organically.
The carbon dioxide emissions of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs),
deforestation of important biomes such as the Amazon rainforest, the
concentration of wealth, consumerism and the maldistribution of land are
capable to cause serious damage to the large living organism and other
living beings including human Mankind. This is why there is an
increased greenhouse effect, the intensification of extreme weather,
melting icecaps and the great mountains of eternal snow, acid rain, all
these creating human misery and exclusion.
Despite of the difficulties of defining what is life in the scientific
world this theory is a new way to understand the environment since it is
known that human beings are part of the whole and that this planet is a
Earth is displayed as interaction between the living and non-living
matter. We must realize that we are part of a living organism that
regulates itself and interacts with other beings.
The analogy of Sequoia clarifies much: “there exists a kind of tree that
reaches up to 115 meters high and is composed of 97% non-living
Comparing it to Planet Earth it may be noticed that Earth is composed
of a large amount of non-living material with a thin layer of life
(living beings). The great body of the planet has the ability of
self-regulation the result of which is interaction of living and
non-living beings and matter…
organisms not only adapt to the physical environment but through their
joint action in ecosystems, geochemical also adapt to its environment
according to their biological needs.
Therefore communities of organisms and their environment – their input and output – is developed together as ecosystems.
The Chemistry of the Atmosphere and its physical environment of the
Earth are completely different from the conditions prevailing on any
other planet in the solar system – a fact that led to “The Gaia
Hypothesis” (support agencies, especially the microorganisms have
evolved with the physical environment, forming a complex system of
control maintaining the conditions favorable to life (the land-Lovelock
Mary translating this article, referred to the article by EM =
Effective Mikro-Organism she sent me at the beginning of our Co-Op. And
here it is:
Western community traditionally observes ecological events through
naturalistic bias introduced in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries
where there is a clear segregation between the organic itself “natural”
and the universe of human objects or world “artificial”.
Moreover, in some initial moment there is some possibility of organic
infrastructure in order to support the informational body .
Reviews of contemporary concepts and own scientific paradigms currently
being researched rectify gaps in the emerging field of quantum physics,
astronomy and biology, and cybernetics and philosophy.
New concepts dismantle linear thinking which are materialisticly and historically accumulated.
But this still dominates many scientific institutions including some environmental NGOs.
Through a bias complex it is observed and evidenced that the very
traditional biological approach also the informational ecosystem (which
also exists in nature through language of color, odor, temperature,
also finds support in human subjects extending the organic network
conventionally known as natural to all matter deriving from living
This is another fact that may lead to the hypothesis (this does not
invalidate the ecological struggles, but complements it) that technology
and the urban environment, the machines and artificial life are natural
consequences of the biological unfolding from inorganic matter and
therefore are alive too.
This should generate a discussion in terms of ecological imbalance and
not in terms of invasion and exclusion artificiality within nature.
Morphological and functional similarities of urban forms are generally
artificial echoes of nature.
Therefore, a teleological process establishing a path through the
artificiality towards eternal naturalness thus including literacy
information as a support of neurons and organ flow as transportation
routes ripening and defense of the organism on a global scale and many
functions of own individual organisms.
In proportion similar to Sequoia 99.9% of the mass of human society is
“dead” but being part of a body constituted by organic processes and
stages of growth closely linked to circadian rhythms.
This entire process may be compared as similar to the unfolding between
unicellular organisms (individuals) and multicellular colonies and vice
versa, individually (multicellularly), as well as to an overall upward
trend , memorizing also fractal functions and anamorfismo of mineral /
Some well-known assumptions but also with some external metaphysical
approaches to praxis centifica in their methods of inference claim that
minerals are alive because some precious and semi-precious stones and
many geological elements (see caving) partially behave like living
beings , since they are born, grow, and reproduce themselves and die.
The fact that in its incompleteness analysis of viruses accompanied to
it including computer devices, since it is known that (the first) are
inert and virtually only minerals, will evolve nevertheless despite not
Research in artificial intelligence and own autodidactic routines of
internet and computers demonstrate many “alive” ways (trojans, viruses,
spyware, worms, backdoors, etc..)
These also behave in epistemological terms like living beings and in a
traditional way of getting slightly ironic names of living beings.
Source: Wikipedia, re-blogged from
Published by curadora64 and translated by (Contra) Mary
Etiquetas: (Contra)Mary, English
Thanks to: http://illuminations2012.wordpress.com