Latest topics
» #LIVE - #LadyDragon + Nightly #News + #JudgeJeanine
Today at 10:10 pm by LadyDragon

» Massive Fissures Open Up And Destroy Homes After Volcanic Eruption Hits Vanuatu Islands
Today at 9:56 pm by PurpleSkyz

» How Science Failed UFOs. Richard Dolan Intelligent Disclosure. Dec. 18, 2018.
Today at 9:14 pm by PurpleSkyz

» “The Envelopes”
Today at 7:10 pm by PurpleSkyz

» Q & TRUMP PREDICTED! I, PET GOAT II NEW DETAILS
Today at 6:12 pm by PurpleSkyz

» #Live - #Spaceforce - #SpaceCommand - Mike Pence Remarks
Today at 5:14 pm by LadyDragon

» #LIVE #QANON #LadyDragon + #Meditation with #JaredRand @potus
Today at 4:04 pm by LadyDragon

» #Live - #LadyDragon #SarahSanders #PressConference
Today at 3:48 pm by LadyDragon

» More on Those Massive Waves - Slams into California, Oregon and Washington State Coastline
Today at 1:45 pm by PurpleSkyz

» #LIVE - #OUTNUMBERED + #LadyDragon #Flynn sentencing
Today at 1:38 pm by LadyDragon

» 5 CBD Myths That Are Just 100% Not True
Today at 1:25 pm by PurpleSkyz

» ET Propaganda and the Seventh Seal by Anna Von Reitz plus more
Today at 1:23 pm by PurpleSkyz

» Ursid Meteor Shower 2018 - Eyes On The Skies
Today at 1:21 pm by PurpleSkyz

» Argentina Creates Mandatory Vaccination Law For Passport, ID, Driver’s License, School & More
Today at 1:19 pm by PurpleSkyz

» A UFO The Size Of Planet Earth Seen Hovering Near Saturn
Today at 1:18 pm by PurpleSkyz

» NIBIRU News ~ Eclipsed:-oPlanet X Bodies Cloaked in the Sky plus MORE
Today at 1:17 pm by PurpleSkyz

» The Mystery Of King Tuts Dagger 'Now SOLVED' - Out of This World!!
Today at 1:15 pm by PurpleSkyz

» A Garden In The Afterlife - Woman struck by lightning tells her Near Death Experience
Today at 1:13 pm by PurpleSkyz

» 12 Keys to Access the Deeper Dimensions of Life
Today at 1:12 pm by PurpleSkyz

» Cancer Full Moon On December 22nd: Heightened Intuition
Today at 1:11 pm by PurpleSkyz

» Earthquakes in strange places: A magnitude 3.0 is the third quake to rattle eastern Tennessee in less than a week
Today at 1:10 pm by PurpleSkyz

» #QAnon Drama Theater: NO NAME FAKE FUNERAL??? MYSTERY FUNERAL NOTES!!! plus more
Today at 1:09 pm by PurpleSkyz

» UFO News - UFO Sighting In Taiwan of 6 UFO Crafts near Mountain plus MORE
Today at 1:08 pm by PurpleSkyz

» Anonymous. Your DNA is Weaponized. 12/11/18 [CC] A Message from "The Collective"
Today at 12:19 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» Qanon - the NSA & Marvin the Martian - WTF? & Bart Simpson?
Today at 12:18 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» Fed to Destroy Itself...ON PURPOSE? Trump to Lay Blame? Roota KNOWS!! (Bix Weir)
Today at 12:17 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» It Has Begun...Mandatory Vaccinations for All ~ Argentina..Home to Jesuit Pope Francis
Today at 12:15 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» HAWAII FEMA BARGES: WHERE IS MY FAMILY ? REQUEST DENIED !!!
Today at 12:13 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» RISE Of The ´Black-Eyed´ People
Today at 12:08 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» This Was NEVER Public! They NEVER Showed This On TV! [Part 1] (2018 - 2019)
Today at 12:07 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» Behavioral Genetics Robert Plomin
Today at 12:06 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» DNA and Behavioral Genetics - Robert Plomin
Today at 12:02 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» Vaccingate: Infanrix Hexa chemical composition
Today at 11:52 am by Consciousness Of Economic

» The battery that could make mass solar and wind power viable | Dispatch
Today at 11:50 am by Consciousness Of Economic

» Unlocking renewables: storage is the remedy for intermittency | Don Sadoway | HT Summit 2017
Today at 11:49 am by Consciousness Of Economic

» Volcano Anomaly, Electric News Bonanza
Today at 12:58 am by PurpleSkyz

» What’s Coming? What Do We Want?
Today at 12:44 am by PurpleSkyz

» Skara Brae | Neolithic Origins in Ancient Orkney 3180 BC
Today at 12:35 am by PurpleSkyz


CLICK THE SUBSCRIBE BUTTON BELOW TO RECEIVE OUR DAILY NEWSLETTER

A 2ND EMAIL COMPLETES THE ACTIVATION PROCESS




CLICK THE PURPLE BUTTON TO VIEW OUR LATEST POSTS




You are not connected. Please login or register

Out Of Mind » GALACTIC AWARENESS » HISTORIES MYSTERIES » Who was Saint Valentine—and why was he beheaded?

Who was Saint Valentine—and why was he beheaded?

Go down  Message [Page 1 of 1]

PurpleSkyz

avatar
Admin
Who was Saint Valentine—and why was he beheaded?

  • February 12, 2018

by Paul Ratner

The supposed skull of St. Valentine as displayed in Rome. Credit: Wikipedia.
Valentine’s Day is named after St. Valentine, who has become known as the patron saint of lovers. He was a rather mercurial figure about whom little is known.
Who was St. Valentine and why does he somehow bless the hearts of lovers in the middle of February? One can imagine some combination of a cherubic Cupid and a saintly old man with a nice smile fulfilling that role. The truth is, of course, more complicated. First of all, there was not just one Saint Valentine. And the one we most commonly associate with the holiday was a martyr who happened to be beheaded on February 14th in a story that is hardly romantic.
There were actually three men named Saint Valentine who all lived around the same time in the third century AD. Two of these men, known as Saint Valentine of Rome and Saint Valentine of Terni, lived in Italy. And the third was in a Roman province in North Africa. 
The one we officially celebrate on Valentine’s Day is the Saint Valentine of Rome, but it’s likely the stories of several Valentines merged into one over time since “Valentius” (meaning “worthy,” “strong” and “powerful” in Latin) was a popular moniker at the time. Several martyrs ended up with that name.
The church itself has some doubts about what specifically happened in Saint Valentine’s life. In 496 AD, Pope Gelasius I described St. Valentine’s as a martyr like those “whose names are justly reverenced among men, but whose acts are known only to God." He knew how little was really known about the saint while establishing February 14th as the day to celebrate St. Valentine’s life.

Circa 260 AD, The trial of St Valentine, patron saint of lovers. Original Artist: By Bart Zeitblom (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
St. Valentine of Rome was supposedly a temple priest who was executed near Rome by the anti-Christian Emperor Claudius II for helping wed Roman soldiers who were not allowed to marry in the Christian faith. 
St. Valentine of Interamna (modern Terni, Italy) was a bishop who was also martyred. It is additionally possible they there the same person - one biography says Bishop Valentine was born and lived in Interamna but when he was on a temporary stay in Rome, he was imprisoned, tortured, and beheaded there on February 14, 269 A.D. 
According to one storyline, the Roman Emperor went to such measures against Valentine because the saint tried to get him to convert to Christianity. This just enraged Claudius who tried to get Valentine to renounce his faith. The martyr refused, so the emperor ordered him beaten with clubs and stones and subsequently executed.
One or both of the St. Valentines are thought to be buried in a cemetery in the north of Rome. Little is known about the third Valentine in North Africa other than his supposed martyrdom. 

Saint Valentine.
How did we go from Christian martyrs to Hallmark cards? When Pope Gelasius I dedicated February 14th to the saint and martyr Valentine, he chose that date to replace the traditional Roman feast Lupercalia, which took place during that time. Lupercalia was a fertility festival in honor of the god Faunus (Lupercus), the protector of sheep and goats from wolf attacks, as well as Lupa - the she-wolf who nurtured the orphans Romulus and Remus, associated with the founding of Rome by legend.
The pagan fertility celebration was marked by all manner of rituals like foot racing among naked men, covered in skins of sacrificed goats. Apparently, they would whip women staged along the race course as they ran. Another ritual involved a child randomly pairing up couples that would have to live together and be intimate for the next year in order to fulfill the fertility rite. The church was eager to replace such practices with its own focus and St. Valentine became the saint of lovers.

Valentine's Day card from early 20th century.
As celebrating St. Valentine’s Day spread to England and France by Benedictine monks, the practice started to acquire more modern characteristics in the Middle Ages. The poet Geoffrey Chaucer, in particular, is credited with spreading the notion of courtly romance through his writings, some dedicated to St. Valentine. 
Writing “valentines” to your beloved is linked to that same time period, with the oldest such note dating to the 15h century. As reported by Italian Heritage, it was written by Charles d' Orléans, who was at that point held in the Tower of London, following his defeat at the Battle of Agincourt (1415). Charles wrote to his wife the words that translated to: “I am already sick of love, My very gentle Valentine”.
Shakespeare also took part in popularizing the link between Valentine's Day and love, writing about St. Valentine's day in a romantic context as part of his "Midsummer Night's Dream".
Exchanging "valentines" or love notes (often heart-shaped) on Valentine's Day further spread throughout Anglo-Saxon countries in the 19th century. Large-scale marketing and production of greetings cards started with the Industrial Revolution as early as mid-19th century. This process of commercialization of the holiday continued, especially in the United States, during the 20th century, adding additional traditions like the love notes becoming more elaborate, with added gifts like chocolates, flowers and jewelry.
So while the original St. Valentine was likely tortured and beheaded on February 14th, his sacrifice for the Christian faith morphed by history into the Valentine's Day we have today.

Thanks to: http://bigthink.com



  

Back to top  Message [Page 1 of 1]

Permissions in this forum:
You cannot reply to topics in this forum