Latest topics
» Jerzy Babkowski (AKA ZAP) "Strai-Cat & BullDog" - Both Bite The Dust!
Today at 3:17 am by RamblerNash

» Jerzy Babkowski (AKA ZAP) "The Hutchison Effect Fraud" - Meet Team Member Karla!
Today at 1:13 am by RamblerNash

» POOFness for JULY 22: One Tin Soldier Sure Can Rake in the Donations from the SAPS!
Today at 1:00 am by RamblerNash

» Unpredictable Green Comet Behaves Like Oumuamua
Yesterday at 10:08 pm by PurpleSkyz

» Urgent! Forbidden information,a must watch! 5G is a kill grid that will lead to forced vaccinations.
Yesterday at 5:09 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» Horse ~ Dog ~ Human ~ Mammal Health: Structural and Fresh Nutrient
Yesterday at 4:53 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

Yesterday at 3:49 pm by 4-truth

» Currency War Breaks Out After Trump Accuses China and Europe of Manipulation
Yesterday at 3:36 pm by MartyM

» Yet more Kim Possible/Anna Drama
Yesterday at 1:40 pm by RamblerNash

» “Does this comparison image indicate JFK Jr. and his wife are still alive?”
Yesterday at 12:34 pm by MartyM

» The Mystery of the Unfinished Obelisk of Egypt
Yesterday at 12:24 pm by PurpleSkyz

» 12 Signs It’s Time to Start over Again and Leave Everything Behind
Yesterday at 12:20 pm by PurpleSkyz

» Black UFOs Size Of Car Shoot Past SpaceX Falcon Heavy Rocket Launch
Yesterday at 11:37 am by PurpleSkyz

» Almost difficult to even FATHOM something this big... Square Clouds
Yesterday at 11:34 am by PurpleSkyz

» Celebrities With Black Left Eyes Are Part Of The Illuminati, Experts Claim
Yesterday at 11:29 am by PurpleSkyz

» Predecessors of Light movements are risen above
Yesterday at 11:19 am by PurpleSkyz

» Rare mud eruption at Wai-O-Tapu Thermal Wonderland south of Rotorua, New Zealand
Yesterday at 10:59 am by PurpleSkyz

» MASSIVE Event Is Happening On Mars.. And Much More!
Yesterday at 10:58 am by PurpleSkyz

» Massive White Square Found On The Moon. Possible Base?
Yesterday at 10:56 am by PurpleSkyz

» NXIVM Party with Stormy Daniels, Anthony Weiner and Huma Abedin
Yesterday at 10:45 am by PurpleSkyz

» NIBIRU News ~ Nibiru Action Presents - Alaska Today! Enjoy! plus MORE
Yesterday at 1:26 am by PurpleSkyz

» "Anti-Gravity Device" Found On Easter Island?
Yesterday at 1:06 am by PurpleSkyz

» Glowing White UFOs At International Space Station
Yesterday at 12:56 am by PurpleSkyz

» UFO News ~ Black UFO Recorded Flying Over Prohibited Airspace Manhattan, New York plus MORE
Yesterday at 12:52 am by PurpleSkyz

» Comet Approaching/New Images.
Yesterday at 12:48 am by PurpleSkyz




You are not connected. Please login or register

Out Of Mind » GALACTIC AWARENESS » HISTORIES MYSTERIES » Wonders Of Ancient Engineering: The Majestic Rock-Cut Tombs Of The Achaemenid Kings

Wonders Of Ancient Engineering: The Majestic Rock-Cut Tombs Of The Achaemenid Kings

Go down  Message [Page 1 of 1]


Wonders Of Ancient Engineering: The Majestic Rock-Cut Tombs Of The Achaemenid Kings


12 kilometers northwest of Persepolis, in the Fars Province in Iran, lie the magnificent ancient ruins of the Naqsh-e Rustam necropolis.
The ancient Necropolis is home to four tombs of the Achaemenid kings, carved on the perpendicular cliffs of the mountain. The tombs are sometimes known as the Persian crosses, after the shape of the facades of the tombs.
The Necropolis is home four rock-cut monuments which stand out for their size, with a cruciform aspect and with great reliefs carved in their superior and inferior parts, all excavated following a model of the Egyptian Hypogeums.
Of the four, the oldest one bares inscriptions, thanks to which scholars have been able to find it is the tomb of Darius I, the third king of the Achaemenid dynasty, who ruled the empire between 521 and 486 BC., and who was defeated by the Athenians and their allies at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC.

Panoramic view of the ancient Naqsh-e Rustam necropolis located about 12 km northwest of Persepolis, in Fars Province, Iran. The site includes rock reliefs of Achaemenid and Sassanid periods, four tombs of Achaemenid kings and a Cube of Zoroaster (far left). The reliefs are the oldest elements (the oldest one from 1000 BC) of Elamite origin. The tombs were carved out of the rock and belong (left to right) to Darius II (c. 423-404 BC), Artaxerxes I (c. 465-424 BC), Darius I (c. 522-486 BC) and Xerxes I (c. 486-465 BC). The Cube of Zoroaster belongs to the Achaemenid era (5th century BC), and its purpose is still unclear. Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons.
One of the fragments of the inscription says:
“Adam darayavaush khshaya-thiya vazraka khshayathiya/khshayathi-yanam… parsa parsahya puthra ariya ariyachithra.”
“I, Darius, the great king, the king of kings… a Parsi, the son of a Parsi, an Aryan of Aryan family.” (source)
However, the remaining three tombs are as majestic as that of King Darius.

All four thumbs are similar in form and appearance, but since none presents inscriptions archaeologists can only speculate on who they may have been built for.
The most accepted hypothesis is that the remaining three tombs belonged to Xerxes I (the son of Darius), Artaxerxes I and Darius II.
The entrance to each of the tombs is located at high altitude right in the center of the cross.
Inside, a chamber houses the sarcophagus with the remains of the king.
The ancient necropolis features a fifth tomb, of the same typology that remains unfinished, and that may have been built for Artaxerxes III or Darius III, the last of the Achaemenids, defeated by Alexander the Great in the battle of Gaugamela in 331 BC: and murdered days later by his satraps.

Map of the archaeological site of Naqsh-e Rustam. Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons.
According to scholars, the majestic reliefs that adorn the exterior of the tombs were made in later times by the Sassanids during the Second Persian Empire (226-651 AD), and represent outstanding war scenes of different sovereigns such as Narsés, Sapor I, Ormuz II, Bahram II and Ardashir I.
But the tombs carved out of the mountain, and the majestic reliefs aren’t the only magical details of the necropolis.

The facades of the tombs also have amazing architectural decorations on the columns that form a kind of portico similar to those of Persepolis itself.
Archaeologists believe that the entrances had to be closed after each burial, these being destroyed and the interior looted in later times following Alexander.
The tombs include other architectural elements.
The Ka’ba-ye Zartosht—the “Cube of Zoroaster”

Ka’ba-ye Zartosht from above Mount Hossein. Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons.
Located around forty-five meters from rock-cut tombs we find the Cube of Zoroaster (Ka’ba-ye Zartosht), a small construction erected during the 5th century BC., built in the form of a tower 14 meters high that may have had a ritual function, or keeping the flame of eternal fire burning.
Some Iranian scholars believe that it served as a storehouse for religious books and royal documents.

This structure features on three sides trilingual inscriptions in Persian Sassanian, Parthian, and Greek, which constitute the most important historical document of the Sassanid era.
The ancient Necropolis of Naqsh-e Rustam was excavated for several seasons between 1936 and 1939 by a team from the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, led by Erich Schmidt.
Featured image credit: Wikimedia Commons

Thanks to:


Back to top  Message [Page 1 of 1]

Permissions in this forum:
You cannot reply to topics in this forum