"The United States shall guaranty to every state in the Union a republican form of government."
Because Common Law is the basis of the laws in America, Common Law is what is being referred to in almost every place where the word "Law" appears within the Constitution, the Declaration of Independence, and the Bill of Rights. These documents were designed to eliminate the vicious Equity, Maritime or Admiralty Laws that we revolted against in Our Revolution against the totalitarianism of England.
FACT - The Constitution does grant the Federal union the power to establish Courts of Equity and Maritime Courts. Because the federal entity is concerned with actions and activities between the States, dealing with the Indian Nations, and International Associations it needs a system of laws to manage these responsibilities.
FACT - Equity Courts are concerned with contracts, and settlement of disagreements between fictional entities. Since the States are fictional entities the arguments and disputes between the States are properly addressed in Equity Courts. They have nothing to do with anything else. They do not deal with Sovereign People, with property rights, or other matters involving such things.
FACT - Maritime Courts are concerned only with actions and activities occurring in International activities and on the high seas. Maritime Courts have jurisdiction over such things as captured naval vessels, piracy, salvage of goods from sunken ships, and mutiny by the crew of a ship. They do not deal with Sovereign People, with (private) property rights, or other matters involving such things.
FACT - The third type of Court that is only briefly mentioned in the Constitution is the Common Law Court. The Seventh Amendment to the Constitution is very clear about the power and the authority vested in the Common Law Courts. In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law. – Bill of Rights - Amendment VII
FACT - The significance of this is pointed up by the fact that any controversy involving Money (Gold and Silver Coins) in an amount greater than twenty dollars, or any property such as real estate can only be tried in a Court of Common Law with the right of trial by a jury who decides the Law as well as the Facts of the case!
FACT - This means that any Mortgage Foreclosure action can be tried only in a Court of Common Law, and that neither the Federal Congress, nor the State Legislature, has any Constitutional authority to provide that mortgage foreclosure actions shall be actions in Equity or Maritime Courts! This means that Sheriff's Sales as a result of these Mortgage Foreclosure actions are null and void! And it means that the Sheriffs have participated in criminal confiscation of real property in violation of the Constitution and of their oaths of office!
There is no federal general common law. Congress has no power to declare substantive rules of common law applicable in a state whether they be local in their nature or 'general,' be they commercial law or a part of the law of torts. And no clause in the Constitution purports to confer such a power upon the federal courts. – Erie R.R. Co. v. Tompkins, 304 U.S. 64 (1938)
FACT - When we created the Constitution We as Sovereign People issued absolute mandates to our public servants, the officers that would staff our creation in the form of the Laws of the Constitution. This amounted to a Writ of Mandamus commanding them to do exactly as they were told.
Mandate: An order by a Sovereign to his subjects.
There can be no limitation on the power of the people of the United States. By their authority the State Constitutions were made, and by their authority the Constitution of the United States was established; – defined pursuant to: U. S. Supreme Court - Hauenstein vs Lynham (100 US 483)
Sovereign Immunity: All corporate, state, national and international “constitutions, laws, statutes, ordinances, regulations, rules, codes, orders, proclamations, corporate policy and public policy” are private copyrighted material. The “People” do not possess a license nor have authority to use such copyrighted material, and conversely such material or any other material or entity has no authority over the “People’s” property or personal affairs and is herein accepted as valuable consideration whatever Respondents attempt to enforce it on the “People.” The “People” will consider the above private corporate policy when dealing with U.S. and other “national citizens” for the purpose of maintaining harmony in society. The “People’s” immunity as a “Sovereign People” is absolute and the terms and conditions of this contract are enforceable and stand regardless of any condition in the future including State of Emergency, Martial Law, Declaration of War and all other conditions.