The Bade Emirate is a traditional state with headquarters in Gashua, Yobe State, Nigeria. Alhaji Abubakar Umar Suleiman is the 11th Emir of Bade (Mai Bede), of the Bedde dynasty, turbaned on 12 November 2005.
The Bade people are thought to have migrated to the area around 1300 CE, coming around the north of Lake Chad from Kanem. In 1808, the Bade, then subject to the Bornu Empire, were attacked by Fulani jihad warriors, who were expanding their control across Northern Nigeria. The emirate became independent in 1818 when Mai Lawan Babuje detached the Emirate from the Kanuri of Bornu and fortified Gorgorum as the capital of an independent state. The state remained independent until the end of the century when it fell to the Sudanese warrior Rabih az-Zubayr. Following Rabih’s death, in 1902, the British confirmed the independence of the Emirate.
THE BEJA PEOPLE SUDAN, ERITREA, AND EGYPT
The name Beja is applied to a grouping of Muslim peoples speaking dialects of a Cushitic language called Beja, and living in Sudan, Eritrea and Egypt. They are traditionally pastoral people whose territory covers some 110,000 square miles in the extreme northeast of Sudan. Their population was 2,540,315 in 1996. Many scholars believe the Beja to be derived from early Egyptians because of their language and physical features. They are the indigenous people of this area, and we first know of them in historical references in the Sixth Dynasty of ancient Egypt. Over the centuries, they had contact and some influence from Greeks, Romans, Arabs and Turks.(3)
THE BEDEE OF NIGERIA
Bedde, traditional emirate, Yobe state, northern Nigeria. Although Bade (Bedde, Bede) peoples settled in the vicinity of Tagali village near Gashua as early as the 14th century, they shortly thereafter came under the jurisdiction of a galadima (“governor”) of the Bornu kingdom based at nearby Nguru (see Kanem-Bornu). Not until the late 18th century did they come under the rule of the present Gidgid (from the name of a settlement 30 miles [48 km] south-southwest of Gashua) dynasty of Bedde.
Dispersed about 1808 by warriors in the jihad (holy war) conducted by the Fulani, the Bade sought protection and again agreed to pay tribute in slaves to Bornu. About 1825, however, Lawan Babuje, the Bade mai (“ruler”), found the tribute too high, organized a pan-Bade federation, built the walled town of Gorgoram (27 miles southwest of Gashua) as his capital, and declared Bedde’s independence from both the Fulani and the Kanuri. Mai Alhaji, his son and successor (reigned 1842–93), successfully defended Gorgoram from both Fulani (mostly from Hadejia town, 73 miles west-southwest) and Kanuri attacks. Although Gorgoram was captured during the reign of Mai Duna (1893–97) by the forces of Rābiḥ az-Zubayr, the Sudanese warrior who destroyed the power of Bornu, following the advent of British rule in 1902, Mai Saleh (also Sale; reigned 1897–1919) was recognized as the emir of independent Bedde.
My name is Maurice Bedard, and I live in the U.S. in the state of California. My last name I believe to be also connected with the Bedas, being the fact that the name Bedard is a French corruption of the name Beda. Our family would be the Western European branch of the Beda’s who would have produced people like Saint Beda who was the Father of English History, and Doctor of the Catholic Church who lived in the the 7th-8th centuries. A person I believe had a strong influence on Freemasonry as well. One of the most influential priests and Saints of his time.
I also realize that over time, some of us Bedas have mixed with other races, and our physical appearances will often reflect these changes. Hence, we can look distinctively different from one another depending on what race or people we have interbred with. This is what simply happens when tribes are scattered around the world. There are definitely more tribes with other names that I believe are interrelated with the Bedas I mentioned above. This would be a book in itself.
I also reserve the right to be wrong on some of my information that I put forth. I’m sorry, I’m not perfect. But one of my goals is to just shed a light where one has not been shined before, in order to open interfaith dialogue amongst all of us, no matter what our religion, country or alleged race may be. We can find peace in the fact that we all originate from the same source, and who over time, we became scattered and changed our religions, and countries, but for the most part, not our ways of life and customs.
By no means do I mean to offend anyone, or make anyone upset. This is just research I have done that I feel makes some interesting connections, and possible indications as to who these people may have been, and where they have gone. I hope to bring us all together to have interfaith dialogue on the facts that many of us are in fact from the same tribal origins.
1. Linked to in Yellow
3. Orville Boyd Jenkins, EdD, PhD