By Jack Heart on January 28, 2016
In 1922, the great Irish novelist James Joyce published his landmark work Ulysses. It’s said that he had been commenting on the times when he wrote “I have to turn my head until my darkness goes.”
By 1966 in homage to that line, the iconic British rock and roll band The Rolling Stones would plead to “see the sun blotted out from the sky.” They exhorted the empire’s children to “Paint it Black!”
No doubt by 1944, when they saw which way the wind was blowing, the empire had already decided to Paint it Blue, all of it. This is a story about Bluebirds and Bluebooks, Have Blue, Project Blue Beam and a Blue Planet Project. But like everything else, it has a beginning…
In 1947 Andrija (Henry) K. Puharich received his medical doctorate from Northwestern University through the Army Specialized Training Program. While he had still been in school, he had burst into the field of cognitive science with his ground-breaking paper: Theory of Nerve Conduction. The paper postulated that neuron units radiate and receive waves of energy in the ultra shortwave bands below infrared and above the radar spectrum; effectively making them a biological radio, a receiver-transmitter.
Puharich’s theory was an epiphany for José Manuel Rodriguez Delgado, who held a fellowship at Yale at the time Puharich published and is widely believed to have been the lead technical scientist in the CIA’s infamous MK Ultra project. About a half a decade later Delgado would co-author his first paper on implanting electrodes into human brains. He would author 134 scientific publications over the next two decades on electrical stimulation of cats, monkeys and humans.
Mind control isn’t just science fiction. Researchers have designed a brain implant that can control the actions of mice with the press of a button. Scientists used soft materials to create a brain implant a tenth the width of a human hair that can wirelessly control neurons with lights and drugs. (Photo : Jeong lab, University of Colorado Boulder)
He was an outspoken proponent of a better world through cybernetic mind control. He even wrote a book on the subject titled Physical Control of the Mind: Toward a Psychocivilised Society. He was the ideal villain, while Puharich worked from the shadows.
Interning Puharich carried out experiments with drugs that were sponsored by Sandoz Chemical Works, the pharmaceutical company that developed LSD.
During that period he was influenced by the pioneering work of Joseph Banks Rhine, the founder of parapsychology and upon completion of his Internship Puharich studied ESP as an extension of his work with nerve conduction at university.
Always in the mood for ‘explanations’ he once remarked that what he was “trying to establish is that the brain is an area wherein is localized the cell energy of the body. I shall label this cell energy ‘dynamics.’ I further venture to say that transference of dynamics from one person to another is possible.”
Puharich pointed out that it was common knowledge “that there are people who can thrill and exhilarate one, and that there are others who simply bore and fatigue one. This implies that there is a wireless, touchless transfer of this vital substance.
If dynamics can be transferred from one organism to another, why cannot that other function of the mind – thought, also be transferred from one mind to another mind? It is also conceivable that dynamics not only passes freely between persons, but also dissipates out into the atmosphere.”
In 1949 Puharich met Eileen Garrett, the founder of the Parapsychological Foundation in New York City (NYC). She would introduce him to John Hays Hammond, Jr., the man who would be his closest friend for the next decade and, in Puharich’s own words, his “mentor.”
That’s sending signals to remote controlled devices. A product of Yale and filthy rich from birth, Hammond passed away in 1965 at seventy-six, owning 800 foreign and domestic patents on more than 400 inventions, primarily in the fields of radio control and naval weaponry.Wikipedia hails Hammond as “The Father of Radio Control.”
By 1929 Hammond had built his own castle replete with drawbridge overlooking Gloucester Harbor in Massachusetts. It’s now a museum offering guided tours of its legendary Roman, medieval and renaissance art collection.
Most of the facts about MKUltra come from affidavits and testimony given to the Rockefeller Commission, then the Church Committee and the single surviving official report that they managed to get their hands on. The report was prepared by the Inspector General’s office in 1963 when the surreptitious administration of drugs to unwitting test subjects in the MKUltra Program was supposedly terminated.
The report defines MKUltra as “research and development of chemical. biological. And radiological materials capable of employment in clandestine operations to control human behavior.” It goes on to say “additional avenues to the control of human behavior had been designated . . as appropriate to investigation under the MKultra charter, including radiation, electroshock. various fields of psychology, sociology, and anthropology, graphology, harassment substances, and paramilitary devices and materials.”
The heavily censored documents surfaced in early 1977 even when Richard Helms, Director of the CIA from June 30, 1966 – February 2, 1973, had ordered all documentation pertaining to MKUltra destroyed during his tenure.
The new documents survived only due to a clerical error. They are budgetary data and give little additional information from what had already been obtained by the Rockefeller Commission and the Church Committee. Some surviving information pertaining to MKUltra was officially declassified in July 2001.
The legend of MKUltra began at the end of 1974, when journalist Seymour Hersh, in an article published in the New York Times, accused the CIA of conducting experiments on American citizens and of sundry other nefarious acts on American soil during the sixties. In the beginning of 1975, responding to national outrage, President Gerald Ford convened The United States President’s Commission on CIA Activities within the United States. Ford’s commission was known as the Rockefeller Commission because it was headed by then Vice President Nelson Rockefeller.
Considering the Rockefeller Foundation’s well known relationship with Ira Einhorn, self-proclaimed “planetary catalyst” and no doubt MKUltra poster boy, if not Puharich himself, a Rockefeller investigation was not going to please the assorted senators and congressman who had any idea of what had been going on.
They launched their own investigation formally titled The United States Senate Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities, known simply as the Church Committee, because it was chaired by Senator Frank Church.
Turner would eventually advocate the dismantling of the CIA in the 2005 book titled Burn Before Reading: Presidents, CIA Directors, and Secret Intelligence.
As the acting Director of the CIA in the seventy-seven senate hearings, Turner testified that there were “149 MKULTRA subprojects, many of which appear to have some connection with research into behavioral modification, drug acquisition and testing, or administering drugs surreptitiously.”
Seemingly lost in the ramifications of the mind control experiments was what Turner said a few sentences later about there also having been “33 additional sub-projects concerning certain intelligence activities previously funded under MKULTRA but which have nothing to do either with behavioral modifications, drugs or toxins, or any closely related matter .”
Turner goes on to testify that there were “80 institutions where work was done.” The institutions included “44 colleges or universities, 15 research foundation or chemical or pharmaceutical companies or the like, 12 hospitals or clinics, in addition to those associated with the universities, and 3 penal institutions.”
Seemingly, the entire rest of the hearings consisted of a visibly penitent Turner and his CIA entourage being chastised by a blustering Senator Ted Kennedy and assorted other political grandstanders. As it had been in seventy-five and seventy-six, the human experimentation, voluntary and otherwise, was blamed on Dr. Sidney Gottlieb and the CIA’s Technical Services Staff (TSS).
Sidney Gottlieb : Joseph Scheider
Gottlieb – whose real name was Joseph Scheider – was a club-footed Jew from the Bronx. His degree in chemistry was from the California Institute of Technology, better known as Caltech; the progenitor of Jet Propulsion Laboratories (JPL). Caltech continues to manage and operate JPL to this very day, much in the same way that JPL manages and operates NASA.
Gottlieb would have been attending Caltech right about the time Jack Parsons was putting JPL together with Theodore von Kármán, the Jewish aerodynamics genius, who fled Germany in the early thirties to assume the Directorship of Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory at Caltech. Kármán was a direct descendant of the Maharal of Prague; Judah Loew ben Bezalel, a legendary master Qabalist from the sixteenth century.
Like Delgado, Gottlieb had been born to play his part. When he showed up at their door in 1951 at age thirty-three seeking gainful employment as a poison expert, the CIA must have thought he had been sent by central casting. Pale, gaunt and expressionless, Gottlieb could have taught Peter Lorre a thing or two about creepy. If he had been born a decade or two earlier he would have been sitting in Rosie Gold’s candy store at the corner of Saratoga and Livonia Ave in Brooklyn, playing cards while fingering the ice pick in his pocket, waiting for an assignment from Murder Incorporated.
According to Wikipedia, Gottlieb was known in the TSS as the “Black Sorcerer” and the “Dirty Trickster.” Others say he was known affectionately as ‘The Gimp,’ by friends he didn’t kill. When he retired, he became very elusive and for a while ran a leper colony in India with his wife. He died in 1999, spending the final years of his life caring for terminal patients at a hospice.
Dr. D. Ewen Cameron
In his 1948 book Life is For Living, Cameron advocated preventing Germans from having children, or rising to any kind of position of authority because they were genetically and culturally predisposed to war.
Ironically enough, considering the charges that have been leveled against National Socialism, Cameron’s ideas were based on Eugenics. Cameron envisioned an Anglo-empire free of Germans and strictly regulated by Behavioral science.
His “Psychic Driving” techniques, in order to produce personality splits, redefine torture as a fine art. He is described as an enthusiastic sadist and general practitioner of every imaginable manner of medical malevolence by anyone who had ever watched him ‘work,’ let alone came under the misfortune of being in his ‘care.’
Cameron was actually quite insane himself and considering Operation Paper Clip must have been a big hit in CIA social circles. When he died abruptly in 1967, climbing a mountain, making him an ideal fall guy, an autopsy probably should have been done.
He cited Exemption 3 of the FOIA – which stipulates that the agency does not have to disclose “matters that are . . . specifically exempted from disclosure by statute . . . provided that such statute . . . refers to particular types of matters to be withheld.” The CIA contended that the information requested fell under Exemption 3, 102(d) (3) of the National Security Act of 1947, which states that “the Director of Central Intelligence shall be responsible for protecting intelligence sources and methods from unauthorized disclosure.”Much of what was obtained through the FOIA had been blackened out, and Turner refused to name at least twenty-one of the institutions and many of the names of the individual researchers involved in MKultra.
The legal wrangling continued well into 1985, when the Supreme Court would finally make a decision in the CIA v. SIMS No. 83-1075. The court said “We hold that the Director of Central Intelligence properly invoked 102(d) (3) of the National Security Act of 1947 to withhold disclosure of the identities of the individual MKULTRA researchers as protected ‘intelligence sources.’
We also hold that the FOIA does not require the Director to disclose the institutional affiliations of the exempt researchers in light of the record which supports the Agency’s determination that such disclosure would lead to an unacceptable risk of disclosing the sources’ identities.”
Factoring in the Supreme Court decision it can safely be concluded that the CIA’s internal memoranda on MKUltra have remained undisclosed to this day, except for the ones they want disclosed.
In an internal memorandum to the Director, released with the FOIA documents in seventy-seven, the CIA evaluates the documentation itself as harmless. David S. Brandwein, the then Director of the TSS, crows to his Director that there was nothing in the “newly located files that would indicate the MKULTRA activities were more extensive or more controversial than indicated by the Senate Select (Church) Committee Report.
If anything, the reverse is true.” A smug Brandwein then goes on in the memo to urge his Director to “Release appropriately sanitized material”, first to the Senate then to the lawyers.
Alfred W. McCoy — acknowledged by Wikipedia and practically everyone else as the world’s leading authority on “underworld crime syndicates and international political surveillance” — is adamant that the CIA deliberately misdirected the attention of the MKUltra investigations to its most “ridiculous” programs. In McCoy’s opinion, this was done in order distract unwanted scrutiny of the project’s primary focus, which he feels were torture techniques.
Regardless of its true intentions, what does appear to have been spoon-fed by the CIA to those inquiring about MKUltra is the impression of intelligence operatives behaving like frat boys on Easter Vacation. The premise is that professional spies, the best in the world, many with decades of service in war zones, were indiscriminately dosing each other and everyone else in their vicinity with their brand new toy from Sandoz Laboratory’s; LSD. Just a classic case of Spooks Gone Wild and boys will be boys…
Initially everybody in the TSS was required to take LSD. Two agents would administer the drug to themselves, then they would sit in a closed room and each would take notes on how the drug affected the other. This quickly progressed to agent’s surreptitiously dosing each other’s morning coffee.
One agent is known to have run down DC Streets screaming in terror as he fled the monsters he saw in every car. By far the most notorious case was the strange death of Dr. Frank Olson.
Frank Olson, fell to his death in 1953, after he had been working on the Bioweapons Program
The macabre spectacle, perhaps a statement, played out right in front of Madison Square Garden in midtown Manhattan. He was under the supervision of his TSS Deputy Director Robert Lashbrook, who was the only one in the room when local authorities arrived. He had been sharing the room with Olson.
Lashbrook claimed to have been sleeping when Olson took the plunge. When the hotel manager, who got up to the room first, told Lashbrook his friend was now a stain on the pavement outside, Lashbrook went to the telephone, rang a number and said “Olson’s gone.” He then hung up went into the bathroom and sat on the toilet with his head in his hands.
Olson, as the story would eventually turn out, had been slipped some LSD by then TSS Director Gottlieb at a meeting in a Maryland farmhouse nine days earlier. Olson suffered a nervous breakdown. Absurdly enough Lashbrook then took him to New York City to get treatment from Dr. Harold Abramson, an allergist and pediatrician, who worked for the CIA…
Not at all surprisingly the death was ruled a suicide. When the incident was brought to public attention by the Rockefeller Commission in seventy-five, perhaps as a compensatory exercise, Olson’s family was invited to the White House for a personal apology from President Ford and given 750,000 dollars, the maximum amount allowable under United States law.
In 1988 the CIA would pay Cameron’s Canadian victims the same sum. That money was released over the objections of Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney’s rabidly conservative government which seemingly had every intention of dragging it out in the Canadian courts until the litigants died of old age. CIA director William Webster is quoted as saying “Sometimes you see the right thing to do, and you do it.”
The cash wasn’t good enough for Olson’s son who in the mid-nineties, after his mother died, had his father’s body exhumed and autopsied. The autopsy was performed by Dr. James Starrs, Professor of Law and Forensic Science at The National Law Centre, George Washington University. Contrary to the original medical report, Starrs found no cuts and abrasions on the body as would have been caused by diving through a window.
What Starrs did find was a hematoma on the left side of Olson’s skull which he speculated was caused by a hammer, the same hammer that would have been used to break the window in preparation for Olson’s early morning flying lesson. He concluded that the forensics were “rankly and starkly suggestive of homicide.”
Olson got his Ph.D. in Bacteriology in 1938 by way of the University of Wisconsin (UW). Afterwards he served as a captain in the Army Chemical Corps. Those who now serve in the Chemical Corps are called Dragon Soldiers, after its blue and gold regimental insignia approved in 1986 to replace the old one of a cobalt blue enamel benzene ring superimposed over two crossed gold retorts. The old one had been in service since WWI.
The new regimental insignia is emblazoned with the Latin motto Elementis Regamus Proelium: “Let us rule the battle by means of the elements.” The bottom left hand corner of the insignia depicts a gnarled tree stump such as those found in the no man’s lands of WW I battlefields. The top right hand corner depicts the rampant chlorine breathing Green Dragon of Alchemists from which the dragon soldiers take their name.