OUT OF MIND
Would you like to react to this message? Create an account in a few clicks or log in to continue.
Latest topics
» Canada’s Justice Centre for Constitutional Freedoms Sues Ontario Government Over Vaccine Passport
Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space  EmptyToday at 11:27 am by PurpleSkyz

» Washington State Trooper Gives ‘Final Sign Off’ After Refusing to Take Vaccine; Tells Governor to Kiss His A**
Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space  EmptyToday at 11:24 am by PurpleSkyz

» Thousands Gather at California State Capitol to Protest Newsom’s School Covid Vaccine Mandate (VIDEO)
Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space  EmptyToday at 10:37 am by PurpleSkyz

» UFO NEWS ~ Partially cloaked triangular object appears next to the sun plus MORE
Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space  EmptyToday at 10:32 am by PurpleSkyz

» Senator Ron Johnson: “There’s No Point to Mandate Whatsoever – With COVID Vaccine We’ve Had 16,766 Deaths in 10 Months” (VIDEO)
Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space  EmptyToday at 10:23 am by PurpleSkyz

» Physician to FDA, CDC: In 20 Years of Practicing Medicine, ‘I’ve Never Witnessed So Many Vaccine-Related Injuries’
Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space  EmptyToday at 10:14 am by PurpleSkyz

» Trudeau Admin BANS Phrase “Let’s Go Brandon”
Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space  EmptyToday at 9:50 am by PurpleSkyz

» Washington State football coach Nick Rolovich is FIRED from his $3m-a-year job for refusing to get COVID vaccine
Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space  EmptyToday at 9:43 am by PurpleSkyz

» CNN Accidentally Allows Someone To Tell The Truth On Air
Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space  EmptyToday at 9:40 am by PurpleSkyz

» Draining Las Vegas: Here is who's using the most water in valley
Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space  EmptyToday at 9:34 am by PurpleSkyz

» Pilots in Flight at Higher Risk of Death from Myocarditis After mRNA COVID Shots Says Army Surgeon
Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space  EmptyToday at 9:29 am by PurpleSkyz

» Study Finds COVID Cases Unrelated to Vaccination Rates
Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space  EmptyToday at 9:19 am by PurpleSkyz

» Nobel Prize awarded for mirror-image molecules
Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space  EmptyToday at 9:16 am by PurpleSkyz

» New Study: CBD “Blocks” COVID-type Diseases
Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space  EmptyToday at 9:11 am by PurpleSkyz

» Lt. Col Scheller Gets Last Laugh…Gets $5,000 Dock In Pay As Punishment For Speaking Out Against Incompetent Biden Generals…Gets Stunning Go Fund Me Payout
Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space  EmptyToday at 9:00 am by PurpleSkyz

» RFK Jr: Times Square Rally For Freedom Oct 16 (Updated – Photos)
Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space  EmptyYesterday at 10:16 am by PurpleSkyz

» PHE Data Shows Vaccine Effectiveness Is -109%: Infection Rate In Vaccinated People In Their 40s Now More Than DOUBLE The Rate In Unvaccinated
Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space  EmptyYesterday at 9:56 am by PurpleSkyz

» Colin Powell Dies at 84 from COVID Complications – He Was Fully Vaccinated
Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space  EmptyYesterday at 9:48 am by PurpleSkyz

» Americans Nationwide Are Taking Stand Against Vaccine Mandates
Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space  EmptyYesterday at 1:12 am by PurpleSkyz

» Record cold and snow expected in Northern Hemisphere
Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space  EmptyYesterday at 1:08 am by PurpleSkyz

You are not connected. Please login or register

OUT OF MIND » SPACE NEWS & DISCLOSURE » SPACE NEWS & UFO DISCLOSURE » Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space

Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space

Go down  Message [Page 1 of 1]

PurpleSkyz

PurpleSkyz
Admin
Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space  Scottandmarkkelly-afterspace_1024

Scott Kelly's DNA Is No Longer Identical to His Twin's After a Year in Space
Woah.
MATT WILLIAMS, UNIVERSE TODAY
15 MAR 2018
On 1 March 2016, American astronaut Scott Kelly returned to Earth after spending a total of 340 days aboard the International Space Station (ISS).
As part of NASA's goal to send astronauts on long-duration space flights to Mars and beyond, this record-setting stay in space was designed to test the limit of human endurance in a microgravity environment.
Also known as the Twin Study, this experiment consisted of Kelly spending nearly a year in space while his identical twin (Mark Kelly) remained on Earth.
Since Kelly's return, the two have been subjected to medical tests to see what long-term effects microgravity has had of Scott's Kelly's physique. The final results of this test, which were just released, reveal that Scott has experienced changes at the genetic level.
The study was conducted by NASA's Human Research Program, and the preliminary findings were released at their Investigator's Workshop on the week of 23 January 2017.
According to these findings, Scott Kelly showed indications of inflammation, changes in his telomeres and telomerase (parts of the chromosonal system related to aging), a decrease in bone density and gastrointestinal changes – all of which were expected.
As NASA reported in their preliminary findings:
"By measuring large numbers of metabolites, cytokines, and proteins, researchers learned that spaceflight is associated with oxygen deprivation stress, increased inflammation, and dramatic nutrient shifts that affect gene expression…After returning to Earth, Scott started the process of readapting to Earth's gravity.
Most of the biological changes he experienced in space quickly returned to nearly his preflight status. Some changes returned to baseline within hours or days of landing, while a few persisted after six months."
At the same time, the study took into account possible genomic and cognitive changes between the two brothers.
These findings were recently clarified by NASA, which indicated that 93 percent of Scott Kelly's genes returned to normal after he returned to Earth while the remaining 7 percent points were missing.
These were attributed to "longer-term changes in genes related to his immune system, DNA repair, bone formation networks, hypoxia, and hypercapnia."
In other words, in addition to the well-documented effects of microgravity – such as muscle atrophy, bone density loss and loss of eyesight – Scott Kelly also experienced health effects caused by a deficiency in the amount of oxygen that was able to make it to his tissues, an excess of CO2 in his tissues, and long-term effects in how his body is able to maintain and repair itself.
At the same time, the report indicated that Scott Kelly experienced no significant changes when it came to cognitive performance.
The preliminary findings touched on this, indicating that Scott showed a slight decrease in speed and accuracy when undergoing cognitive performance testing compared to his brother.
This decrease was more pronounced when he first landed, but was attributed to readjustment to Earth's gravity.
Mathias Basner – a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, who was in charge of conducting the tests – also found no real difference in cognition between 6 month and 12 month missions.
This is especially important since typical stays aboard the ISS last six months, whereas long-term missions to Mars would take 150-300 days – depending on the alignment of the planets and the speed of the spacecraft.
A two way trip to Mars, as well as the time spent in Mars lower-gravity environment (37.6 percent that of Earth's), could take multiple years.
As such, the Twin Study was intrinsic to NASA's efforts to prepare for its proposed "Journey to Mars", which is expected to take place sometime in the 2030s.
These and other studies being conducted aboard the ISS seek to determine what the long-term effects on astronaut health will be, and how they can be mitigated.
The NASA Twin Study was the result of a partnership between 10 individual investigations, 12 colleges and universities, NASA's biomedical labs and the National Space Biomedical Research Institute Consortium.
Scott Kelly's stay in space and the Twin Study will also be the subject of a PBS documentary titled Beyond a Year in Space. Be sure to check out the teaser trailer here:



https://youtu.be/ugl8q8btMAs

Thanks to: https://www.sciencealert.com



  

PurpleSkyz

PurpleSkyz
Admin

https://youtu.be/WS1-idR3zFE



  

PurpleSkyz

PurpleSkyz
Admin

https://youtu.be/tKUTGneA4fw



  

Back to top  Message [Page 1 of 1]

Permissions in this forum:
You cannot reply to topics in this forum