Posted by Jamal S. Shrair on April 14, 2018
According to my understanding, all structures in the Universe, including the largest one, are magnetically ordered and centrally powered. The Milky Way follows this standard cosmic model. The astronomical objects and celestial bodies of our galaxy are connected to each other and ultimately to the extremely powerful magnetic field at its center. This is the reason why stars, star systems and star clusters orbits each other and also around the central magnetic field, which is considered in mainstream physics to be a super-massive black hole. The Sun is also part of this galactic magnetic order and cannot be an exception among at least 100 billion stars. Those stars are not scattered randomly, but they are ordered into different groups that are orbiting each other. Thus, without a doubt, the Sun is a member of star system which orbits a larger star cluster. In fact, calculations and observations show that the solar system is linked to another star system. However, realizing the complete physical reality of our star is the biggest scientific task. The Sun is the cosmological candle that allows us to visualize the whole Universe. But, only when we can light it up on the surface of the Earth, we will be able to visualize the Universe and truly understand the force that powers it.
The true motion of the Sun in the galaxy is not a circular motion, but exactly like the motion of an electron in the hydrogen atom. The electron is not moving on a circular orbit or with a random motion around the proton- as quantum mechanics claims-, but on a helical orbit. It is also oscillating up and down (spiral oscillation) while orbiting the proton. Both, quantum and classical mechanics are wrong about the true path and velocity of subatomic particles in general. Moreover, the position and momentum of the electron in the atom are deterministic, not probabilistic. Recent experiments have shown the electron to be a perfect sphere. That means, the electron occupies a well-defined position in space and has well-defined momentum. Although, the electron is the building block of our current technologies, and one of the most important particles, all its internal properties and some of the external ones are misunderstood. Only its shape has been confirmed with a high degree of certainty. See the results of the experimental research that found the electron to be even more rounded than in the previous experiment that was conducted in the UK a few years earlier.
Order of Magnitude Smaller Limit on the Electric Dipole Moment of the Electron (link)
Note that, the experimental finding which showed the electron to be a perfect sphere is not just a very serious violation of the standard model of particle physics, but a death blow. In general, the model is deeply flawed and should have been discarded a long time ago. Some of the unrealistic concepts of the standard model of particle physics can be read in the following article. THE EMERGING NEW PHYSICS MYTH OF QUARK FUSION ([url=http://gsjournal.net/Science-Journals/Essays Quantum Theory / Particle Physics/Download/7095]link[/url])
It is worth mentioning that the sun was also found in 2012 to be almost a perfect sphere. If the sun would be scaled to the size of a beach ball, its equatorial bulge would be less than the width of a human hair. And, the sun remains well-rounded even during intense activity. We were totally wrong about the Sun's shape until yesterday. (link) In 2016 researchers detected more rounded star than the Sun. It is a distant star called Kepler 11145123 (or KIC 11145123). (link) The above finding, about the shape of the Sun, is one of the clearest evidence that shows the real force which rules over the Sun, which is exactly the same one which rules over the electron. At the same time, the finding is a clear contradiction to one of the basic assumptions of the standard solar model. But, it is not the only one. The current model cannot explain any basic features of the Sun as they can be observed.
However, the other infinitely important fact, about the electron is the extremely intense magnetic field at the center of its mass. The strength is comparable to the intensity of the magnetic fields of the so-called neutron stars. This is what prevents it from collapsing into the atomic nucleus. Furthermore, the strength of the magnetic field at the center of mass of the proton is far higher. The values of the magnetic fields of the two particles can easily be calculated. The enormous strength of the two fields is also the reason why they orbit each other at a great distance. If we model the hydrogen atom based on the solar system, where the proton will take the place of the sun and the electron the place of a planet, then rough calculation would show the electron orbiting at a distance of more than10 times the average distance to Pluto.
So, the reason why the electron does not collapse into the proton is because its magnetic field and that of the proton will repel each other at a certain distance. In other words, at a certain point between the two particles, the strength of their magnetic fields will be equal to each other and they will repel each other as a result. The electron at that point no longer advances towards the proton, the attractive state of its magnetic field will change to a repulsive state. This is a Universal arrangement and is not only restricted to subatomic particles, but also to all astronomical objects. The lack of understanding this Universal fact is the cause that led to the invention of quantum mechanics and all the pseudo-physics notions and dark myths. In physical reality, the distribution of matter in the Universe is highly ordered and exclusively based on magnetic fields arrangement. More important, one can see that there are no missing matter or energy in the Universe when the exclusive role of magnetic fields are taking into account. The issues mentioned above, and all the deep flaws within the standard models will be presented in a comprehensive research paper.
The Universal Model of the Magnetic Structure of Matter, explains all phenomena and interactions at any scale and state of matter, and without the need for any hypothesis of invisible matter, energy or holes.
Nevertheless, in an identical manner to the electron, the Sun is also spiraling up and down while rotating around the galactic core with companion system of stars. The cycle of spiraling up and down takes thousands of years to be completed, not millions. It is the transformation cycle of our entire solar system including the sun itself. See the images below. The images are only an approximation. The real motion of the Sun is helical in nature and influenced by the magnetic fields of other stars.
There is a well known observed fact-although, current physics does not acknowledge it- that many galactic events impact the magnetic fields of the sun and its planets. The impact of the energetic events, especially those that take place close to the galactic center increase as the sun rises up. But still, the impacts of those events are negligible, unless they are huge energetic events, such as an extremely intense gamma-ray burst. See the Observed Influence of Gamma-Ray Bursts on Earth’s Magnetic Field (link)
Moreover, according to my understanding and contrary to the standard solar model the Sun is powered externally. I believe there are sufficient data from the beginning of the space age that show an externally powered sun. See my research paper that was published last year. The external energy supply to the sun is overwhelmingly obvious and has recently been detected by space probes. (link)
Like all stars, the sun is powered externally and its energetic behavior and magnetic properties depend on its location in the galaxy. The radiant energy of the Sun is determined by the state of its internal and external magnetic fields. Keeping in mind that the two fields are correlated and working in coordination. As the Sun spirals up and down in the galaxy, the intensity of its magnetic field fluctuates greatly. When it spirals up to its highest point above the galactic plane, the intensity of its magnetic field reaches its ultimate strength and the exact opposite is true when it reaches its lowest point below it. See the figure below:
Different studies and observations, in the last two decades from well known institutes, prove beyond doubt, the physical truth about our star illustrated in the above diagram. In the late 1990s, Alexey N. Dmitriev, who is a professor of geology and member of the Siberian department of Russian Academy of Science, pointed out in his research that the plasma density on the edge of the solar system started to increase in the middle of the 20th century. According to his study the plasma density was around 10 astronomical units in the early 1960s, but by the middle of the 1990s it became 100 astronomical units. This is a massive increase in the overall brightness of the energy at the edge of the solar system. That means the solar system as whole has moved into a region in space where the Sun itself became highly charged. This is a fact, and it is obvious from the brightness of the Sun and the saturation of the interplanetary space. The speed of solar emissions in the interplanetary region is becoming faster and faster. Furthermore, and more important, the brightness of the Sun itself has increased. A research study, published in 2004 and carried out by Swiss and German scientists, showed that the Sun is burning more brightly than at any time during the past 1 000 years. Dr. Sami Solanki, the director of the renowned Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research in Gottingen, Germany, who led the research, said: "The Sun has been at its strongest over the past 60 years and may now be affecting global temperatures."The Sun is in a changed state. It is brighter than it was a few hundred years ago and this brightening started relatively recently - in the last 100 to 150 years." When this observed fact was acknowledged by those honest scientists, Die-hard conservatives and defenders of the standard solar dogma became completely silent and the mass media ignored it altogether. On the other hand, the blind followers, of the dogmatic science debunked it as usual. (link)
However, very recently institutional scientists came up with new fiction theory about the Sun. They claimed that it has entered a Local Interstellar Cloud, between 44 000 and 150 000 years ago and is expected to remain within it for another 10 000 to 20 000 years. This is of course a complete nonsense, but the most ridiculous part of this fiction theory is the claim that this cloud has a very low density. Around 0.3 atoms per CC (4.9/cu in), which is a total contradiction to the data of Voyager 2 that was obtained in 2009. Voyager 2, found the magnetic field strength of the local interstellar medium to be very strong. It is the exact opposite of all the expectations of theoretical notions. Very strong magnetic field means that region has a high energy density. According to the Theory of the Magnetic Structure of Matter, the finding of Voyager 2 makes a complete sense. The energy density of the region outside the Heliosphere has to be denser and the density must increase steadily as the distance from the Heliosphere increases. For the technical details about the data obtained by Voyager 2, please see my research paper mentioned previously. The external energy supply to the sun is overwhelmingly obvious and has recently been detected by space probes. (link)
Nonetheless, what has been mentioned above, are not the only observations supporting my arguments and pointing to the fact that the Sun is approaching its highest point above the galactic plane. There is a long list of observations from the last one hundred years (especially in the last three decades). For instance, the magnetic field of the Sun has increased in strength by more than 230% during the 20th century alone. See the following. A Doubling of the Sun's Coronal Magnetic Field during the Last 100 Years (link) The change in the Sun‘s magnetic field is also obvious from solar cycle activities (solar minimums and solar maximums). Solar physicists are no longer able to explain or predict the timing and duration of solar cycle activities. In the current and previous two solar cycles, they were totally wrong regarding the characteristics, timing and duration of the cycles. The model that was developed from observations of previous cycles, rather than from the standard solar model, is becoming obsolete. The solar system‘s shift into a dense energy region and the increase in the Sun‘s magnetic field is also evident from the changes in the planets and their moons. Recently the atmosphere and brightness of all the planets have changed considerably. With regard to our own planet, in the last two decades, it has gone through a rapid polarity migration accompanied by severe climate change. In addition to, the changes in the weather pattern, there is also a huge increase in geological activity. It is increased by several hundred percent in the 20th century alone. And since the beginning of this century earthquakes have increased dramatically in number and intensity – this is huge increase even compared to the already amplified occurrences of the 20th century.
In fact, not only earthquakes have increased in the past 20 years, but all natural disasters in general, like super cyclones, intense hurricanes, tornadoes and flooding. Records of snowstorms, heat waves, hurricanes, cyclones and floods have been broken every year in the last two decades and continue to do so, with each year surpassing the year before. The main cause for the rise in geological activity, natural disasters and climate change in general is the rapid increase of the energy at the Earth‘s core, which seems to be approaching its optimum level. This increase of energy is also speeding up the magnetic reversal process. All kinds of geological activities depend on the movement of tectonic plates and these movements are linked to the process of magnetic reversal. In other words, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, changes in sea level, seafloor spreading and mountain growth would all be sped up whenever the process of magnetic reversal increases. The question, one might ask, is the reason for the energy increase inside the Earth? It is because of the increase in magnetic radiations (solar-cosmic radiations). And the reason for the increase of magnetic radiations is the changing position of our star or more accurately, the continuous rise of our star above the galactic plane. The optimum rate of magnetic radiation will be obtained when the Sun reaches the highest point in the galaxy. Our solar system is part of a dynamic and changing cosmos. Our star is misunderstood, not only with regard to the process responsible for generating its radiated energy, but also with regard to its motion and relation with other stars. In fact, all the unsolved problems of celestial mechanics can be solved, if the true motion of the Sun and its planets can be recognized. So, if one visualizes a bicycle wheel in motion where the Sun is the center (hub) of the wheel and the Earth is the circular outer part (rim), then the helical motion of the Earth and all the planets can be understood. More important, the real cause for the changing of the seasons cannot be understood unless the Earth’s helical orbit around the Sun is taking into consideration.
Our textbooks show Earth‘s orbit as a near-circular ellipse, but this view does not take into account that the Sun is also moving and based on my understanding, around a star system which is orbiting massive star cluster. (link) Thus, we have to realize that the motion of the Sun and the planets is more complex than what is currently taught in our educational institutions. In addition to that, there is no consideration of the motion of our galaxy with the Local Group, which in itself is in motion. Thus, without a doubt, the Sun is not a single system that only orbits the galactic core. It is worth mentioning some cosmology and astronomical facts that would give clues for the above statement. Most of these facts have been observed only during the space age and mostly in the last three decades. First of all, there is no way that we can know the exact number of stars in the Milky Way. The estimation varies widely. The most common opinions estimate that there are 100 billion stars in the Milky Way on the low-end and 400 billion on the high end. Some of those stars are hotter and brighter than our Sun, while others are cooler and fainter. Within a distance of a few hundred light-years from the Sun, where star motions can be accurately observed, one can see that stars do not move independently. Despite this fact, current astrophysics claims that stars move independently and orbit in the general gravity of our galaxy with nearly circular paths. In reality, all stars rotate around themselves, and also rotate in groups around the galactic center, with different periods. But, not only stars rotate around a central axis, perpendicular to the galactic plane, but also all forms of matter. Since all structures and forms of matter are connected with one another it is quite obvious to observe the solar system orbiting the center of the galaxy. But the rotation of the Sun around another star, or group of stars, cannot be observed, because those stars are in motion as well. Additionally, the path of the Sun cannot be distinguished from the solar system since the system is carrying the observer through the cycle of sunrise and sunset, obscuring the motion of the Sun against the background of stars. It is therefore important to note that the Sun‘s motion relative to its local stellar region should not be confused with its movement around the center of the galaxy. In fact, the distribution of stars is identical to the distribution of galaxies. Observations show that galaxies are not distributed randomly but are structured in groups, just like stars. Galaxies do not exist without other galaxies nearby and some of them are in close pairs or in small groups. But, the majority of them are found in large clusters or "super large cluster" that contains thousands of galaxies. Our Galaxy is a part of the local group of galaxies called the Local Group. The two biggest galaxies in this local group are ours (the Milky Way) and Andromeda. The Magellanic Clouds are companions to our galaxy. The Milky Way revolves around the center of the Local Group. And the Local Group orbits some point within the Virgo Supercluster. The Local Group is one of many groups of galaxies called a "galaxy cluster", and it is also part of a larger group called the "Local Super-cluster" which consists of many smaller galaxy clusters. Quasars which are the brightest objects in the Universe also tend to assemble in huge groups that make one of the largest known structures in the Universe. It is called Large Quasar Group (LQG). Astronomers have been observing LQGs for the last 50 years and they have found some to be more than 600 million light-years in size. The record-breaking LQG was spotted by an international team of astronomers, led by academics from the University of Central Lancashire (UCLan) using the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. At the beginning of 2013 the astronomers spotted an enormous group composed of 73 quasars, spanning about 1.6 billion light-years in most directions! At its widest point it measures about 4 billion light-years across, or 1200 Megaparsecs (Mpc) and is the largest structure seen in the cosmos to date. In comparison, our Milky Way galaxy is separated from its nearest neighbour, the Andromeda galaxy, by about 2.5 million light-years or 0.75 Megaparsecs (Mpc). Clusters of galaxies can be 2-3 Mpc across, while LQGs in general can be 200 Mpc or more. The newly discovered LQG has an average dimension of 500 Mpc, but due to its elongated shape it is 1200 Mpc at its extremes, or 1600 times the distance between the Milky Way and Andromeda. According to the assumptions of the cosmological principle and the modern theory of cosmology, structures larger than about 1.2 billion light years (370Mpc) should not and cannot exist. The Cosmological principle assumes that the Universe, when viewed at a sufficiently large scale, looks the same (essentially homogenous) no matter where you are observing it from.
There are astronomical observations that mainstream scientists cannot deny, since hey cannot come up with theoretical notions to manipulate them. Some of these facts have already been mentioned. Namely, that all galaxy group, clusters of galaxies and even large structures including the largest structure ever seen in the visible Universe are made up of sub-structures that are orbiting one another. Moreover, all these kinds of cosmological structures are ruled from their center of masses. In fact, not only galaxies and larger structures are orbiting each other, but also the stars. They orbit each other in different ways, like in close pairs, wide pairs, in star systems and in star clusters. Most of the light we see in the night sky is actually the result of close pairs of stars that are orbiting each other. Yet, in spite of all these observations, current physics is assuming that our sun is a unique exception to these commonly observed structures in the Universe.
Nothing could be further from the truth. Many observations show that the Sun is also moving on a defined orbit around a companion system of stars. In fact, all the current unsolved problems of celestial mechanics regarding the solar system can be solved with a helical solar system linked with another star system. And there would be no need to introduce the concept of wobbling in the Earth's axis. There is an astrophysical phenomenon which ancient astronomers had observed for thousands of years; the shift of the night sky as the Earth orbits around the Sun. If one takes a fixed point in time and observes the sky on that day every year, one finds that the sky slowly shifts backwards with each passing year. This shift is equivalent to around 50.29 arc seconds per year (or one degree for every 71.5-72 years). This slow and small change does not have an impact on the changing of the seasons on a short timescale, but on a long timescale (thousands of years) it is the cause of the seasonal shifts throughout Earth‘s history. This well-known phenomenon is called the precession of the equinoxes. It takes between 25 800 - 26 000 years to complete a full cycle. The completion of one cycle is known as the great year. The change in Earth‘s rotational angle is what transformed the Green Sahara into what is now the largest desert on the planet. The Sahara was once fertile grassland and different researches have shown that the eastern region of the Sahara desert, particularly the area near Lake Yoa in Chad, dried up slowly and progressively since the mid-Holocene period - gradually over the last six thousand years. Around 8 000 years ago, the Earth‘s orbit was slightly different from the current orbit. The inclination of the orbit changed from around 24.1° to the present-day 23.5°. During that period Earth had its closest approach to the Sun in the northern hemisphere in the month of August. According to present day physics, the reason behind the precession of the equinoxes is the result of the wobbly motion of the Earth‘s axis. In other words, it is due to the gravitational tidal forces that are exerted on the Earth by the Moon and the Sun. This theory which was initially formulated by Sir Isaac Newton, contradicts not only its own gravitational principle, but also a certain number of astronomical observations. To begin with, if the above concept was correct, then we would lose a little time on a daily basis and this would cause deviations in astronomical data. But no such shifts have ever been found in the calculations of eclipses or planetary transits. Walter Cruttenden, a researcher of the so-called binary star systems stated in his paper that none of the planets or objects within the solar system seems to follow the precession with respect to Earth. The only objects that follow the precession movement are those outside of our solar system.
The current theory is outdated. It was formulated centuries ago during the time when astrophysicists were thinking that the Sun is fixed in space. So, how can the observed phenomenon of the precession of the equinox be correct, since it is based only on the movement of the Earth? Besides that, physicists had no idea at that time that dwarf stars exits and could exert an influence on the motion of our star or nearby stars. Thus, one can understand why the current theory cannot provide true scientific explanation to the well known solar system anomalies. For instance, why the big four planets or what is known as the Jovian planets have most of the angular momentum, in spite of the fact the Sun has the biggest mass? (Caroll and Ostlie 1996)
Also, the sheer edge problem (Allen et al. 2001), cannot be explained by the current model that assumes the Sun to be at the center of an isolated system. The other issue is connected with sidereal time and solar time. Why the time difference between a sidereal day and solar day is considered to be the result of the curvature of the Earth’s orbit around the Sun? While the difference between a sidereal year and solar year is due to the precession? The other observed anomaly is the Comet paths. "Why are many comet paths concentrated in a non-random pattern?" (Matese et al. 1999) The other important observation that exposes the current theory is the acceleration of precession. The annual precession rate over the last one 120 years has increased. What is causing it to increase? There are other issues that are well-addressed by the Binary Research Institute. See their website.
The dust is simply the result of the interstellar medium (ISM) that the Pleiades are presently passing through. The image below shows the Pleiades nebulosity to be quite blue. The reason is not just that the stars illuminating the dust are bluish - the grains of dust tend to be smaller than the wavelength of light and therefore scatter mostly blue light. This process is similar to Rayleigh scattering. It can also be seen that the dust is not uniformly distributed, but is concentrated mainly in layers along the line of sight to the cluster. In other words, the nebulosity is streaked in long filaments, almost like cirrus clouds. Some of the filaments appear only a few arc seconds in width while many are arc minutes long. The intensity of the magnetic field is the reason for aligning the dust.
The formation theories of astronomical and celestial objects are based on the fundamental theory of gravity-dominated cosmos. If one examines this theory in details, one can detect the large number of contradictions and the pseudo-physics notions that are present in it. More and more mainstream astrophysicists have acknowledged that the existing theories of star and galaxy formation are wrong. These acknowledgments are based on many astronomical data using new and more powerful telescopes which enable observations at greater depth into the Universe.
Read the following papers:
Open problems in star formation by Ralf Klessen, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg Institut für Theoretische Astrophysik (link)
Models of star and galaxy cluster formation incorrect. (link)
New understanding of the origin of galaxies advanced. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem (link)
And not only the theories of star and galaxy formations, are based on pseudo physics notions, but also the planet formation theory. Planet formation theory debunked (link)
The physics truth that I am fighting for can be confirmed in most plasma physics laboratories in all developed countries. The confirmation and the experimental results of my proposed solar model would make it abundantly clear to all physicists and engineers, that this model is the correct one to follow for the production of fusion power on a large scale. This source of energy is exactly what we need to advance on all fronts; socially, economically and politically. In addition, it is a practical solution to protect our planet from the dangerous of pollution created by the fossil fuel. More importantly, the confirmation of the real physics of the Sun would restore cosmology and theoretical physics in general to its rightful place, after more than a century of mathematical fiction and pseudo-physics myths.
Thermonuclear reactions that are supposed to take place at the core of the Sun are a very complicated pseudo physics myth and any fusion research based on this notion can never lead to fusion power - no matter what type of facilities would be built. All fusion research centers around the world (including ITER: https://www.iter.org/ - currently under construction), are following an elegant mathematical idea that does not represent the physical reality of our star. The thermonuclear reaction is a quasi-fusion reaction that can never be sustained and reach the final stage. The type of fusion reaction that takes place in the Sun is completely different than the hypothetically thermonuclear fusion. Moreover, it is easy to replicate.
I am in a permanent disbelief, how can physicists still accept the current solar model, in spite of overwhelming evidence that have been accumulating for decades? A fraction of the collected data should already have been sufficient to convince even the most conservative scientist. Theoretical physicists in the second half of the last century were concentrating on the Neutrino issue (the so-called missing Neutrino) and they believe that now the problem has been solved. But, in fact, it is not solved. The Solar Neutrino Problem Has Not Been Solved https://cirworld.com/index.php/jap/article/view/5950 Even if one assumes for the sake of argument, that the problem has been solved, our observations and calculations of the sun still contradict the notion of a thermonuclear fusion.
Nonetheless, one can understand why fusion researchers do not question the validity of the theory of thermonuclear fusion. First of all, if this process does not take place in the core of the Sun, then the building blocks of all theories of cosmology and astrophysics - including the Big Bang - would be wrong. At the same time, theoretical physicists would not have an alternative solar model to replace the current one. So, one can understand that theoretical physics would be turned upside-down if the current solar model turned out to be wrong. In this regard, I have to quote the great astronomer, late Halton Arp, who once said: "After all, to get the whole Universe totally wrong in the face of clear evidence for over 75 years merits monumental embarrassment and should induce a modicum of humility." -What has Science come to?- Journal of Scientific Exploration, (Vol. 14, No. 3).
I am absolutely certain there is an alternative model which is not only the correct one for replicating the energy production of the Sun, but also the one that explains all the features of the Sun consistently and without any contradiction. It would additionally explain all features of the Sun that are considered mysteries under the current model. Furthermore, and more important, I can provide a practical fusion model with blueprint showing how to induce sustainable fusion reaction, not quasi fusion reactions, like the thermonuclear ones. This type of fusion reaction is exactly like the one that takes place in the Sun. The proposed model can be confirmed with small scale laboratory devices.
The increasing need for energy is the greatest threat facing our world from a social, economic, political and environmental point of view. In the next three decades, the population of the world will be close to 10 billion and the need for energy will be a question of survival for many nations. At the present time, we are witnessing a rise of geopolitical tension among superpower nations over fossil fuel resources and developing countries are not benefiting from these natural resources while they are paying dearly for the global conflict. The situation could change and lead to direct confrontation among powerful countries. Oil, the commodity that could lead to nuclear war, has and continues to have a devastating impact on the ecological and environmental conditions of our planet. I am talking, of course, about the impact of pollution and not the issue of climate change; I believe the cause of global warming and climate change is not due to human activity, but rather due to our changing Sun. At a fundamental level, the reasons for the confusion about the cause of climate change, global warming and the failure to produce fusion power are the same.
Featured image credit: Jamal Shrair, PhD
Thanks to: https://watchers.news