Published on Apr 16, 2019
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Researchers have compared the DNA of Neolithic remains found in Britain with that of ancient people found across Europe and found that they originated from Anatolia, or modern day Turkey to Iberia before heading north to Britain. They reached the island in about 4,000 BC and introduced farming to the British Isles. This migration was just one part of a general massive expansion of people out of Anatolia from around 6,000 BC that spread across Europe. Until that point, Europeans are thought to be just small bands of people who hunted animals, following migrating herds and who also gathered wild plants and shellfish. The DNA results show that Neolithic Britons were largely descended from groups that travelled west through the Mediterranean, and were believed to travel along the coastline by boat or hopping from island to island. The DNA of the Britons was found to closely resemble the Neolithic people from Iberia, which is modern day Spain and Portugal, and these people originated from Anatolia. These ancient Anatolian (Turkish) migrants were the people who completed Phase One of Stonehenge, whilst the stones were certainly erected by the later Bell Beaker people. Watch the video now to learn more about how the original builders of Gobekli Tepe may well have seeded Neolithic life for the rest of Europe.