OUT OF MIND
Would you like to react to this message? Create an account in a few clicks or log in to continue.
Latest topics
» Dave Schmidt (Meta 1 Coin Scam) - SEC warns Meta 1 Coin scheme is ongoing despite Court orders
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 4:26 pm by PurpleSkyz

» Monopoly: An overview of the Great Reset – Follow the Money
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 3:56 pm by PurpleSkyz

» An Agenda That Is As Diabolical As It Is Unthinkable
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 3:52 pm by PurpleSkyz

» ‘Dead-Heads’, Garbage In Equals Garbage Out…
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 3:51 pm by PurpleSkyz

» Why Can’t Scientists Find the Enormous Planet X?
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 3:49 pm by PurpleSkyz

» Doctor sends letter: Is it is medically ethical to continue Covid Vaccine rollout given severity of life altering side effects?
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 3:45 pm by PurpleSkyz

» Examining the Relationship between COVID Death Rates and Population Density
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 3:43 pm by PurpleSkyz

» Mysterious earthquake light appeared in the sky over Oriental Mindoro, Philippines
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 3:42 pm by PurpleSkyz

» CDC Admits 5,800 FULLY VACCINATED People Became Infected with COVID-19 and 74 Died plus Recent VAERS Data
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 3:41 pm by PurpleSkyz

» Magic mushroom treatment on par with pharma drugs for combating depression, study finds
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 3:39 pm by PurpleSkyz

» Occult science/Natural science
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 12:44 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» WOOOWW! THAT'S WHAT I CALL A BIG BOOOOOMMM! THE TRUTH ABOUT THE "SECRET OPERATION" EVERGREEN!
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 12:42 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» The Executed: Clones, Doubles, & Vril Lizard Reptilian Parasites
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 12:41 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» Trump caught coding 1260 day count! George Floyd -is code for 3.5yr start and end. See Show Notes
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 12:39 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» Sudden Destruction-1335th from 9/23/17 -5/17/21
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 12:38 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» Karma.....
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 12:37 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» Kelowna gym refusing new member applications from anyone who’s been vaccinated
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 12:35 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» Conspiracy Theory Comes True as Pentagon Creates Implantable Microchip to Detect COVID
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 12:33 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» Sun Waking Up, Massive Galactic Sheet, Disaster Trigger | S0 News Apr.16.2021
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 12:31 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» Maya/Real world/Mirror
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 12:30 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» US begins study of allergic reactions from mRNA coronavirus vaccines, proving covid vaccine long-term safety studies have never been conducted
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 12:28 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» Illegal fishing by Chinese vessels is destroying South Pacific island economies, local wildlife
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 12:26 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» Dr. Christiane Northrup, MD ~ Temperature Check and Where Do We Go From Here!
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 12:24 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» Chinese authorities seize 7,221 human penises on cargo ship from Nigeria
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyYesterday at 12:23 pm by Consciousness Of Economic

» NEIL the con man KEENAN UPDATE - 20210414 NK Confusing Update
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyThu Apr 15, 2021 6:59 pm by PurpleSkyz

» The COVID Experiment: Are You Covered?
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyThu Apr 15, 2021 11:59 am by PurpleSkyz

» Los Angeles police are force-vaccinating special needs children in heinous “Operation Homebound”
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyThu Apr 15, 2021 11:04 am by PurpleSkyz

» Dr. Steven (struggling to stay relevant) Greer - The Deep State is Stopping the Truth about ETs
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyThu Apr 15, 2021 10:11 am by PurpleSkyz

» FULL (OF IT) Benjamin bla bla blah Fulford - 4/12/2021 - Riots, Murders, Nuclear Terror and Chaos as Western Political System Implodes
New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  EmptyThu Apr 15, 2021 10:02 am by PurpleSkyz




You are not connected. Please login or register

OUT OF MIND » MOTHER NATURE » SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY » New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing

New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing

Go down  Message [Page 1 of 1]

PurpleSkyz

PurpleSkyz
Admin

New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing

Details    Published: 20 March 2021  


New analytical tool reveals massive DNA damage caused by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing  CRISPR-spotlight

Much of the damage would have been missed by analyses conducted till now. Report: Claire Robinson

New research from Chinese scientists shows that CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing causes massive damage to the genome, much of which would have been missed by the analytical tools used so far.

In a previous study, the same authors described a novel DNA sequencing procedure, which they called a “primer-extension-mediated sequencing assay” or PEM-seq. By applying this procedure, they found that DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) brought about by the CRISPR/Cas9 gene-editing tool could lead to unintended chromosomal translocations and large deletions.

In their latest follow-up report, the researchers describe a new computer program, which enabled them to analyse the PEM-seq data to greater depth than previous programs had allowed. They used this program to analyse real sequence data from their own new experiments, as well as previous ones, following CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing in mouse and human cells.

In gene editing, while the initial double-strand break made by the DNA "scissors" or gene-editing tool can be targeted to a given location, the subsequent DNA repair that makes the "edit" is performed by the cell's own repair mechanisms and is not controllable or precise. The researchers analysed the outcomes of the gene edit – and found what they call "tremendous deleterious DSB repair byproducts of CRISPR/Cas9 editing".
 
The unintended outcomes or genetic errors ranged from unintended small insertions or deletions (indels) to large deletions, plasmid (gene-editing tool delivery vehicle) integrations, and chromosomal translocations.

The researchers wrote, "Our findings provide an extra dimension for genome editing safety besides off-targets" – the well documented unintentional DNA damage at locations of the genome that were not targeted for editing. They added, "Caution should be exercised to avoid not only off-target damages but also deleterious DSB repair byproducts during genome editing."

Worryingly, these unintended deleterious outcomes of gene editing were not overcome even when a high-fidelity CRISPR/Cas tool was used. Furthermore, when components of the DNA repair machinery were inhibited in an attempt to force a specific gene sequence modification outcome (known as SDN-2), this resulted in large deletions, large insertions, and DNA cuts around the start site of genes.

Collectively, these findings graphically highlight just how little control the gene editor has over the DNA repair processes and its outcomes, following the formation of the DSB by the CRISPR/Cas gene-editing tool.  

Relevance to plant gene editing

How are the findings of the study relevant to plant gene editing? London-based molecular geneticist Dr Michael Antoniou explained, "The mechanisms of gene editing and the subsequent DNA repair processes are the same in animal and plant cells. Given that fact, the implications of the new research are clear. The genome sequencing analysis conducted by the scientists shows that all analyses of gene-edited plants done thus far need to be re-evaluated with this new tool to get a more complete picture of the DNA damage arising from gene editing."
 
Dr Antoniou and GMWatch have said previously that long range PCR and whole genome long-read DNA sequencing must be applied to gene-edited plants and other organisms. Dr Antoniou commented that the new tool does not replace those analyses, but adds to them: "This latest study adds another invaluable tool allowing a greater depth of analysis of raw DNA sequence data, so that you see a more complete spectrum of outcomes, both on-target (at the intended edit site) and off-target (at other locations in the genome)."

Dr Antoniou added, "This new tool is a major step forward. It is important that it gets widely adopted and used – not just within a medical gene therapy context, as the authors of the new study suggest, but also in the gene editing of crops and animals."

The new research is described in a pre-print published on bioRxiv and has not yet been peer reviewed.
---
Global detection of DNA repair outcomes induced by CRISPR-Cas9
Mengzhu Liu, Weiwei Zhang, Changchang Xin, Jianhang Yin, Yafang Shang, Chen Ai, Jiaxin Li, Fei-long Meng, View ORCID ProfileJiazhi Hu
bioRxiv, 16 Feb 2021
doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.02.15.431335
https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2021.02.15.431335v1

Abstract

CRISPR-Cas9 generates double-stranded DNA breaks (DSBs) to activate cellular DNA repair pathways for genome editing. The repair of DSBs leads to small insertions or deletions (indels) and other complex byproducts, including large deletions and chromosomal translocations. Indels are well understood to disrupt target genes, while the other deleterious byproducts remain elusive. We developed a new in silico analysis pipeline for the previously described primer-extension-mediated sequencing assay to comprehensively characterize CRISPR-Cas9-induced DSB repair outcomes in human or mouse cells. We identified tremendous deleterious DSB repair byproducts of CRISPR-Cas9 editing, including large deletions, plasmid integrations, and chromosomal translocations. We further elucidated the important roles of microhomology, chromosomal interaction, recurrent DSBs, and DSB repair pathways in the generation of these byproducts. Our findings provide an extra dimension for genome editing safety besides off-targets. And caution should be exercised to avoid not only off-target damages but also deleterious DSB repair byproducts during genome editing.

https://www.gmwatch.org/en/news/latest-news/19732-new-analytical-tool-reveals-massive-dna-damage-caused-by-crispr-cas9-gene-editing

Thanks to: https://www.gmwatch.org



  

PurpleSkyz

PurpleSkyz
Admin
.



  

Back to top  Message [Page 1 of 1]

Permissions in this forum:
You cannot reply to topics in this forum